Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Hon. Christopher Saunders MP – with the Economics and Statistics Office (ESO) – released the Cayman Islands Population and Housing Census 2021 report yesterday, 28 July 2022.
The results of the census report conducted from October 10, 2021 to January 25, 2022 were presented today during a press briefing by the Deputy Prime Minister and Hon. Prime Minister G. Wayne Panton. Information presented includes country demographics, disability and illness, education, marital and union status, fertility, employment, household and housing characteristics, mortality, emigration, crime, agricultural and fishing activities and food security.
These demographic trends and key indicators are integral to and guide the delivery of many government services. The Deputy Prime Minister stressed the importance of using census results as key indicators of health, infrastructure and education: “We need information to make informed decisions and that is why we are so grateful to the hundreds of enumerators and thousands of residents who took time out to complete the census survey. We cannot serve the public without public information and feedback,” the Deputy Prime Minister said.
Additional metrics not previously included in the latest census have also been added, such as literacy rates, number of domestic workers, incidence of crime and proportion reported to the Royal Police Service Cayman Islands (RCIP), household engagement in agriculture. and fishing, and more.
We believe these additional measurements will help us calculate our HDI or Human Development Index. The government believes that while traditional economic metrics still have a purpose, these metrics need to be complemented by other qualitative metrics that measure the quality of life of our people.
The Deputy Prime Minister commented.
Premier Wayne Panton also stressed the importance of using census results to improve the social conditions and standard of living of vulnerable members of the community.
With the new census information, we now have information on people outside the labor force, the elderly, people with disabilities, veterans, people in households with food security issues and those without insurance. disease, for example. Having this information will be invaluable in helping our government be able to work for you, but it will also help the many hard-working community groups – NGOs – better understand and serve the people they also help. .
Some of the highlights of the census report are:
The total population in 2021 was 71,432, including 71,105 people living in households or outside institutions and 327 people living in institutions (including prisons and dormitories). The non-institutional population in 2021 increased by 29.2% compared to the 2010 census (55,036). This overall growth was mainly due to an increase in the Caymanian and non-Caimanian population: there were 7,068 more Caymanians, an increase of 22.8%, compared to 9,001 more non-Caimanians, an increase of 37.4 %.
The majority of the non-institutional population lived in George Town (49.1%), followed by West Bay (21.6%), Bodden Town (20.9%), Sister Islands (3.2%), North Side ( 2.7%) and East End (2.6%). Compared to the 2010 population, Bodden Town recorded the highest growth rate at 40.8%. With the exception of the Sister Islands, the other districts grew less than Bodden Town: West Bay by 36.6%, East End by 31.2%, North Side by 28.6% and George Town by 24. .3%. The sister islands decreased by 1.7%.
The population had slightly more men (50.6%) than women (49.3%). This was consistent in all districts except Bodden Town and the Sister Islands, where the proportion of women was slightly higher than that of men. In Bodden Town, the percentage of women (51.7%) was relatively high compared to other districts.
Disability and health insurance
Among the population, the two main disabilities were sight and lower limb (leg) disabilities, with incidence rates of 35.0 and 31.1 per 1,000 people. Meanwhile, the top three disabling diseases were diabetes (43.6 per 1,000), arthritis (20.9 per 1,000) and cataracts (19.0 per 1,000).
About 93.1% of the working population had health insurance, 0.2% were considered uninsurable, while 5.3% had no insurance.
Highest grade obtained and exam passed
Compared to the 2010 census, the percentage increased from 45.5% in 2010 to 52.3% in 2021 of our population who had more than one post-secondary education.
Commenting on this increase in post-secondary education, the Deputy Prime Minister said, “This is a number that the government is committed to improving and why education is the number one overall outcome in our vision statement. strategic policy, and why the government is committed to seeing UCCI and ICCI become free for all our citizens.
Marital status and union
Of residents 15 and older, 48.4% were legally married, while a significant percentage had never been married (38.3%). The marriage rate was generally higher among non-Caymanians (49.2%) than among Caymanians (47.6%). However, the divorce rate was almost double among Caymanians (10.0%) than among non-Caimanians (5.1%).
The survey results revealed that about 51.7% of all women between the ages of 15 and 49 are mothers. The actual replacement fertility rate for Caymanian women was 2.1, which the Deputy Prime Minister also commented “is on the positive side as it shows that Caymanian women today are capable of generating stability in our Caymanian population in the future”.
Total employment was recorded at 44,441; Caymanians accounted for 19,494 (43.9% of total employment), while non-Caimanians accounted for 24,947 (or 56.1% of total). Meanwhile, the unemployed reached 2,679 or 5.7% of the labor force. Unemployed Caymanians numbered 1,803, while unemployed non-Caymanians numbered 876, resulting in unemployment rates of 8.5% and 3.4%, respectively.
By gender, Caymanian men had the highest unemployment rate (8.7%), followed by Caymanian women (8.2%), non-Caimanian women (4.6%) and non-Caymanian men (2. 4%). Across all age groups, the highest unemployment rate (32.7%) was recorded among Caymanian men aged 15-24.
The top five occupational groups in terms of total employment were professionals (18.3%), service and sales (17.6%), craft and related occupations (14.1%), elementary occupations (13.3%), technicians and associated professionals (12.6%). In total, these five groups accounted for 75.9% of total employment, 63.9% of Caymanian employment, and 85.6% of non-Caymanian employment.
The top five industries in terms of employment were construction (14.2%), wholesale and retail trade (11.5%), professional, scientific and technical activities (10.5%), financial activities and insurance (8.2%) and public administration (7.0%). These represent a total of 51.4% of total employment, 59.9% of Caymanian employment and 44.7% of non-Caimanian employment.
The Deputy Prime Minister also commented on the pay gaps by gender and nationality within the same industries, stating that “although I am aware that there may be positions with different levels of seniority; however, we need to make sure it is based on seniority or role type, and not something else.
Household and dwelling characteristics
The number of households in the Cayman Islands increased by 30.5%, from 22,760 in the 2021 census to 29,699 in the 2021 census. The average household size decreased slightly from 2.42 people in the 2021 census. from the 2010 census to 2.39 people in 2021.
At least 56.7% of all households in the Cayman Islands had structural housing insurance in 2021. Among the districts, households in Bodden Town were most likely to be insured (60.8%), followed by George Town (58.0%) and West Bay (57.1%). %). However, the reverse happened in the other districts: most households in the North Side, East End and the Sister Islands had no home insurance.
Of the 29,699 households counted in the 2021 census, 659 (2.2%) households are engaged in the production of renewable solar energy, of which 462 (70% of production) were for sale to the national electricity grid, while another 197 households (30%) produce renewable energy for domestic use only.
Agricultural and fishing activity and food security
About 71.8% of households purchased locally produced food and 63.9% used energy-efficient light bulbs. Purchasing reusable household items was common among 53.6% of households, and 44.6% reported buying eco-friendly or green products. Recycling and sorting waste/waste was more common, with 36.1% of households engaging in this activity in 2021.
Food insecurity in the Cayman Islands was 2.2% (or 652 households). Households on the north side and the east end had the highest level of food insecurity at 4.5% each. George Town had the lowest level of food insecurity at 1.8%, followed by West Bay at 2.1%. Food insecurity in all other districts was above the national average of 2.2 percent. Of all food insecure households, 65.8% were Caymanian households, while 34.2% were non-Caymanian households.
The Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance concluded by saying, “I urge all residents to take the time to read this comprehensive report. It will serve as the basis for evidence-based policy at government level and is indeed essential for decision-making at all levels of society, including investment and business decisions.
Premier Wayne Panton also expressed his gratitude to the community for moving the report forward and overcoming the challenges posed by COVID-19: “I appreciate the hard work involved in this report. When this exercise began last October, COVID-19 protocols were in place and despite these difficult circumstances, our dedicated enumerators have done an incredible job collecting this necessary and lifesaving data,” the premier said.
“I also thank the thousands of Caymanians and residents who responded to enumerators. Thanks to their efforts and your cooperation, we have a census report that will help not only the government, but also the private sector, other non-governmental organizations, civic and community groups and residents to plan a better future for Cayman using vital information. starting today,” he added.